What does the word CELTIC mean?

What does the word CELTIC mean?

"Celtic" mainly talks about the language family and things related to the Celts. It's like saying something is "Celt-like" or "Celt-ish." Some ancient groups which are known as Celtic cultures are identified by the things they left behind, like tools and art.

Inscriptions on these objects often help link them to the language spoken by the people who made them.


"The first recorded use of the name 'Celts' – as Κελτοί (Keltoi) in Ancient Greek – was by Greek geographer Hecataeus of Miletus in 517 BC, when writing about a people living near Massilia (modern Marseille), southern Gaul.  In the fifth century BC, Herodotus referred to Keltoi living around the source of the Danube and in the far west of Europe. The etymology of Keltoi is unclear. Possible roots include Indo-European *kʲel 'to hide' (seen also in Old Irish ceilid, and Modern Welsh celu), *kʲel 'to heat' or *kel 'to impel'. It may come from the Celtic language." -  Wikipedia


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For about a millennium, the term "Celt" wasn't really used at all. Then around 1700, people stumbled upon it again in ancient writings. It wasn't until this rediscovery that "Celtic" began to be applied to describe the unique culture, history, traditions, and language of certain regions, notably Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Brittany, and the Isle of Man.

The word "Celt" entered the English dictionary in 1707 thanks to the work of Edward Lhuyd and other scholars in the late 17th century who became interested in the languages and history of the early Celtic inhabitants of Great Britain.

"Celtic" not only indicates a language family but also refers more broadly to things "of the Celts" or "in the style of the Celts." Archaeological cultures are often classified as Celtic based on distinctive sets of artifacts which are sometimes accompanied by inscriptions.




"The modern concept of Celtic cultural identity focuses on similarities among languages, artistic works, classical texts, material artifacts, social organization, homeland, and mythology."

While earlier theories suggested a common genetic origin for Celtic peoples, present day understanding emphasizes a shared cultural and linguistic heritage rather than a genetic one.


So, "Celtic" typically refers to the languages and cultures of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, the Isle of Man, and Brittany, also known as the Celtic nations, and basically where Celtic languages are still spoken to varying extents.





Beyond the UK, Scotland and Ireland, some regions on the mainland of Europe claim Celtic heritage, even though they no longer speaking Celtic languages. These include parts of Portugal and Spain, such as Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, Castile and León, and Extremadura. "Continental Celts" refer to the Celtic-speaking people of mainland Europe, while "Insular Celts" encompass those of the British and Irish islands and their descendants. The Celts of Brittany are considered Insular Celts because their language stems from migrating Celts from Britain. 



That being said, when people talk about "Celtic," they're usually referring to places like Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, the Isle of Man, and Brittany. These are where you can still find people speaking Celtic languages like Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton, Cornish, and Manx. Source - Wikipedia







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celtic animal zodiac